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Rapid Review and Local Child Safeguarding Practice Reviews

Rapid Reviews

A function of the Bury Safeguarding Partnership (BSP) is to conduct a review after a child whose permanent residence is within Bury, has died or is seriously harmed as a result of abuse or neglect, in accordance with Working Together to Safeguard Children (2018).

The criteria is as follows:

Abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected and either:
i) the child has died
ii) the child has been seriously harmed and there is cause for concern as to the way in which the authority, their Board partners or relevant persons have worked together to safeguard the child.

If an agency feels that a case meets the criteria for a Rapid Review, they should submit a Safeguarding Children Referral Form to within 5 working days of the incident. 

Reporting a Serious Incident

Professionals should discuss the case with their agency’s designated safeguarding lead/officer to help gather the information for the referral.  

You can view what happens once a referral has been received, in our flowchart. 

What are Local Children's Safeguarding Practice Reviews?

The purpose of reviews of serious child safeguarding cases, at both local and national level, is to identify improvements to be made to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.

Reviews seek to prevent or reduce the risk of recurrence of similar incidents. They are not conducted to hold individuals, organisations or agencies to account.

'Serious child safeguarding cases' are those in which:

  • (a) abuse or neglect of a child is known or suspected and
  • (b) the child has died or been seriously harmed

Working Together to Safeguard Children (2018) states that serious harm includes (but is not limited to) serious and/or long-term impairment of a child's mental health or intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development. It should also cover impairment of physical health. This is not an exhaustive list. When making decisions, judgment should be exercised in cases where impairment is likely to be long-term, even if this is not immediately certain. Even if a child recovers, including from a one-off incident, serious harm may still have occurred.

Meeting the criteria does not mean that Bury Safeguarding Partnership must automatically carry out a local child safeguarding practice review. Locally it is for the statutory representatives on the Case Review Subgroup, to determine whether a review is appropriate, taking into account that the overall purpose of a review is to identify improvements to practice.

Local Child Safeguarding Practice Reviews reports are published on our website to enable the sharing of learning across the children's workforce. All reports are anonymised for publication.


NSPCC National Repository of Serious Case Reviews

Sadly the cases of Daniel Pelka, Keanu Williams and Hamza Khan have raised the profile of Serious Case Reviews nationally. The national repository of published case reviews is a collaboration between the NSPCC and the Association of Independent LSCB Chairs. The aim is to hold all case reviews in a central location, so the learning contained within them is easier to access. Access to the electronic versions of the case review reports stored by the NSPCC is available by accessing Learning.NSPCC - Library and information service.